5 types of mold surface treatment
The application of surface treatment in the mold is the most effective way to provide mold quality and service life and reduce cost.
By adopting different surface treatment technologies, only the composition, organization, and performance of the surface layer of the mold can be changed. Thus greatly improving and improving the surface performance of the mold. Such as hardness, wear resistance, friction performance, stripping performance, heat insulation performance, corrosion resistance. And high-temperature oxidation performance. The special properties of the cavity surface, such as anti-scratch ability, release ability, anti – bite, etc. Several times, dozens of times to improve the service life of the mold.
It is of great significance to improve mold quality, reduce the production cost, improve production efficiency. And give full play to the potential of mold materials. What methods of injection mold parts surface treatment in China?
The effect of injection mold surface treatment
1，Plastic Mold Parts
In-mold processing, the surface treatment can make the parts for the following properties: Increasing surface hardness, increase the compressive strength, abrasion resistance, improve the corrosion resistance, and improve the sliding, etc.
2, Plastic Molding parts surface treatment methods.
3, The injection mold Surface treatment method is many in China. But for the injection molded parts, the main methods of surface treatment are the following.
Carburizing is to the steel surface infiltration carbon atoms. It is to put the parts into can release the active carbon atom medium, heat insulation, make activated carbon atoms permeability and the surface of the steel. Its purpose is to improve the surface of the carbon content, the subsequent heat treatment, the surface hardness increased, While the core remains resilient. Therefore, carburizing steel must be 0.15% ~ 0.25% (mass fraction), the carbon content of mild steel. Methods include solid carburizing, carburizing liquid carburizing. And gas carburizing, which is a widely used gas carburizing.
2，Nitriding (also called nitride)
Nitriding is to the steel surface infiltration nitrogen atoms. Its purpose is to improve the parts table surface hardness, wear resistance, corrosion resistance, and fatigue strength. At present, the most widely used method of nitriding is gas nitriding. It is to put the parts into the airtight furnace, the ventilation with NH3, heating to 500 ~ 600 ℃, the ammonia decomposition of reactive nitrogen atoms. The nitrogen atom is easy to be absorbed by the workpiece surface and spreading inside, forming a nitride layer. The nitriding layer is 0.1 ~ 0.6 mm. The nitriding layer has high hardness and excellent dimensional stability. And can noticeably improve wear resistance and fatigue strength, corrosion resistance has greatly improved. In the mold processing, almost all steel nitriding processing. But it’s a longer production cycle, high cost.
3，Hard chromium plating
Hard chrome plating is will adopt the method of plating chromium plating on the surface of parts. Thereby gaining the surface of the hard and wear-resistant. It contains the abrasive plastic molding parts, the hard chromium plating layer is very effective. In addition, the hard chromium layer can not only reduce the wear and tear, and can significantly improve the corrosion resistance of parts. It can also be used when repairing the wear surface hard chromium plating method processing.
4，Hard nickel plating
Hard nickel plating is to use the chemical method will nickel the plating layer on the surface of parts. In the process, the deposition of the nickel layer does not use imposed by the electron flow. so you don’t happen like electroplating on the edge, especially along the edge to form the different thickness of electroplating film formation (edge) of the phenomenon. This method of nickel plating in the hole, opening, and the place such as contour surface defects will not appear. The nickel plating layer often about 40 microns thick. It can form has good corrosion and wear resistance of the surface.
5，Coated hard layer
In order to make the part surface with high wear resistance and corrosion resistance. There is new technology is in the surface coated with titanium nitride and similar material for the grass-roots approach. It is easy to operate, and the effect is very good.
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